The affirmative means, as the word says, approval or approval. Affirmative voting rights are generally inserted by investors who do not hold shares in the company. Because of these positive voting rights, investors tend to participate in the management of the business. In most JOINT Venture Agreements, the parties retain certain special rights, more often referred to as veto rights, for general meetings and board meetings. These vetoes are, among other things, affirmative rights that provide for the mandatory presence of a party or party within the AIC when a decision is made or made. In other words, the veto gives a company the power to reject a proposal, even if the proposal has the support of the majority. This article attempts to analyze the applicability of these special/veto rights of shareholders who are shareholders but do not enjoy voting rights under the Under-ownership Act 2013 (Law) of less than 50%. The law remains true to the principles of corporate democracy and provides special protection to minority shareholders as a whole, and it must be shown that minority shareholders who do not have the right to vote under normal circumstances have access to such special rights. Vodafone established that the Supreme Court does not comply with Rangaraj`s opinion, since the restrictions provided by a shareholder pact, even if they are compatible with the previous law, can only be allowed if they are enshrined in the company`s statutes. However, Rangaraj was not categorically rejected. A violation of the shareholders` pact, which is not contrary to the articles, would constitute a valid act of enterprise and the aggrieved parties could, in accordance with the common law of the country, obtain appeal for any violation of the pre-established agreement, but not under the previous law.
Organizers must also recognize the need to secure anti-dilution duties in order to prevent their operations from being diluted over time. If the SHA does not anticipate this, this could have disastrous consequences for the founder, with a situation in which a founder could lose control or eventually be ousted from the company he started. A striking example of this would be how Eduardo Saverin, the co-founder of Facebook, was eventually ousted from Facebook by watering down his share to less than 10%. As a general rule, the affirmative voting clause would be included in a shareholders` pact stipulating that a decision is not taken at a board meeting or a shareholder meeting on specific issues, unless the agreement of investors or board observers is unanimously agreed upon. There may be situations in which investors want to interfere and claim positive rights in business related to the day-to-day life of the company. The promoters of the company are not allowed to respond to such requests. Organizers must ensure that the list of positive rights does not include negative agreements on the day-to-day work of the company. The assertive rights are generally required by investors in areas that influence the investor`s interest in the company and may include the question: whether investors should benefit from the positive rights.