Securities Borrowed Or Purchased Under Resale Agreements

While conventional deposits are generally instruments that are sifted against credit risk, there are residual credit risks. Although this is essentially a guaranteed transaction, the seller may not buy back the securities sold on the due date. In other words, the pension seller does not fulfill his obligation. Therefore, the buyer can keep the warranty and liquidate the guarantee to recover the borrowed money. However, security may have lost value since the beginning of the operation, as security is subject to market movements. To reduce this risk, deposits are often over-insured and subject to a daily market margin (i.e., if the guarantee ends in value, a margin call may be triggered to ask the borrower to reserve additional securities). Conversely, if the value of the guarantee increases, there is a credit risk to the borrower, since the lender is not allowed to resell it. If this is considered a risk, the borrower can negotiate a subsecured repot. [6] A reverse pension contract or a “re-pension” is the purchase of securities with the agreement to sell them at a higher price at any given time. For the party that sells the guarantee (and agrees to buy it back in the future), it is a buy-back (RP) or repo contract; for the other end of the transaction (purchase of security and consent to the sale in the future), it is a reverse repurchase agreement (RRP) or Reverse Repo. In particular, Part B acts as a lender in a pension institution, while Seller A acts as a cash borrower and uses the guarantee as collateral; in an inverted repo (A) is the lender and (B) the borrower. A pension is economically similar to a secured loan, with the buyer (actually the lender or investor) obtaining guarantees to protect themselves from a seller`s default. The party that sells the securities at first is actually the borrower.

Many types of institutional investors conduct repo transactions, including investment funds and hedge funds. [5] Almost all guarantees can be used in a repo, although highly liquidated securities are preferred, as they can be sold more easily in the event of default and, more importantly, they can easily be obtained on the open market, where the buyer has created a short position in the pension guarantee through an inverted repo and a sale in the market; at the same time, against liquid securities is not recommended. The underlying guarantee for many repurchase transactions is in the form of government or corporate bonds. Equity exposures are simply deposits on shares such as common shares (or common shares). Some complications may arise due to the increased complexity of tax rules on dividends, unlike coupons. Reverse repurchase agreements (RRPs) are the end of a pension purchase agreement. These financial instruments are also called secured loans, buy-back/sale loans and loans for sale/buyback. For traders of commercial enterprises, deposits are used to finance long positions, to access cheaper financing costs of other speculative investments and to cover short positions in securities. A pension purchase contract, also known as repo, PR or Surrender and Repurchase Agreement, is a form of short-term borrowing, mainly in government bonds.